Drawing The Lines

Author: Nicholas R. Seabrook
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501707787
Size: 49.37 MB
Format: PDF
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In Drawing the Lines, Nicholas R. Seabrook uses a combination of political science methods and legal studies insights to investigate the effects of redistricting on U.S. House elections.

Redistricting

Author: Charles S. Bullock III
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442203552
Size: 67.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2971
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This book will prepare readers for the redistricting of congressional, state legislative, and local collegial bodies that will follow the 2010 Census.

Partisan Gerrymandering And The Construction Of American Democracy

Author: Erik J. Engstrom
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 047211901X
Size: 35.82 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1228
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onstrated, 19th—century politicians had little trouble engineering effective
partisan gerrymanders despite their technological limitations. Much of this
success can be attributed to the minimal legal and political constraints that 19th—
century line drawers faced. Without a meddlesome judiciary peering over their
shoulders, state legislatures were free to draw districts almost however they
wanted. The pressure to protect congres— sional incumbents were also largely
absent. The result ...

The Oxford Handbook Of American Elections And Political Behavior

Author: Jan E. Leighley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199604517
Size: 27.77 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5632
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There are three main redistricting alternatives in use: (1) having the legislature
redistrict itself, (2) having a bipartisan commission, (3) having a non-partisan
body (judges or civil servants) do the redistricting. In all of these cases, districting
is supposed to conform to formal criteria that constrain the scope of line drawers.
But the actual degree of restriction varies with the greatest constraints usually
operating when courts draw lines.1 In the US, at both the congressional and state
level, ...

The Oxford Handbook Of The American Congress

Author: Eric Schickler
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191628263
Size: 29.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5477
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Inpractice, the optimal partisan gerrymander is one that efficiently distributes
partisans across districts such that a party expects to winelections inthese
districts bya comfortable marginina typicalelection (Cain 1985; Owen
andGrofman 1988),given reasonable geographical constraints (Musgrave ... Prior
tothe 1960s, state legislators—who often have primary authority to draw district
lines —were loathtoredistrict, sincethis upset connections between
representatives andtheir constituents.

Election Law In The American Political System

Author: James A. Gardner
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454883316
Size: 61.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3048
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The point is proved by the 2000 congressional elections in Pennsylvania, which,
according to appellants' own pleadings, were conducted under a judicially drawn
district map ''free from partisan gerrymandering.'' On this ''neutral playing fiel[d],''
the Democrats' statewide ... Consider, for example, a legislature that draws
district lines with no objectives in mind except compactness and respect for the
lines of political subdivisions. Under that system, political groups that tend to
cluster (as ...

The American Congress

Author: Steven S. Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139505661
Size: 36.52 MB
Format: PDF
View: 787
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Of the other states, thirteen will rely primarily on bipartisan commissions to draw
their district lines, with another eight states having some role for commissions.
The remainder of ... in partisan control. States face two significant constraints
when drawing district lines. ... Second, the Supreme Court has moved to set
standards to limit certain kinds of gerrymandering – the manipulation of district
lines for political purposes – as well as some unintentional districting outcomes.
The only clear ...

Reapportionment And Redistricting In The West

Author: Gary F. Moncrief
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739167626
Size: 35.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2717
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“districts shall not be drawn to deny racial or language minorities the equal
opportunity to participate in the political process and elect representatives or their
choice. ... lawsuit from the 2000 round of redistricting, plaintiffs argued before the
US. Supreme Court that a ... S0, headed into the 2010 round of line drawing,
legislators were not constrained by any new law on how often they could draw
lines or how far they could go to help parties or candidates except in California
and Florida.

Race Voting Redistricting And The Constitution

Author: Marsha Jean Tyson Darling
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780815340652
Size: 76.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1698
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The drawing of district lines will either compensate for the majoritarian bias or
give in to it; and if any minorities are to be represented, the plan will perforce
choose among them. The fundamental dilemma of ... The one person, one vote
standard exacerbates the difficulties in representing racial and political minorities
because affirmative gerrymandering often means enlarging or contracting a
district in order to achieve the desired proportion of minority voters. The standard
also conflicts ...